Volume 3, Issue 1 (2-2019)                   GMJ Medicine 2019, 3(1): 164-172 | Back to browse issues page


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Safa M, Tabarsi P, Ghassem Boroujerdi F, Haji Zadeh F, Mirab Zadeh Ardekani B. Evaluation and Comparison of the Cognitive Distortions of Tubercular Patients and Healthy People. GMJ Medicine. 2019; 3 (1) :164-172
URL: http://gmjpress.de/article-1-65-en.html
1- Psychiatrist, Professor. Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Fellowship of infectious diseases, Professor. Mycobacteriology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- PhD student of Psychology, Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- PhD student of Psychology, Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran
5- GP student, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (298 Views)
Background and purpose: Tuberculosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world. The stigma that is applied by the society, and isolation of the patients due to the contagiousness of the disease, affect the mental health of tubercular patients. Patients with the primary shock of the disease diagnosis, usually experience the denial process which would result in distorted cognitive distortions about the disease. Thus, the goal of current study was evaluating and comparing of the cognitive distortions of tubercular patients and healthy people.
Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study which cognitive distortions of the tubercular patients and healthy people (hospital staff) were compared in it. Hundred persons were selected by random method for each group. Instruments that were used included the structured demographic questionnaire and cognitive distortions scale.
Results: Patients used overgeneralization and personalization cognitive distortions significantly (PV≤0.01) more than healthy people. Women patients used emotional reasoning and overgeneralization and men patients used labeling more than others.
Conclusion: The number of cognitive distortions was more in patients. Therefore, evaluation of the cognitive distortions of the tubercular patients would be important for offering accurate psychological and psychiatric services that cause improvements in the body and mental status.
     
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Clinical Medicine
Received: 2019/10/17 | Accepted: 2019/11/25 | Published: 2019/12/15

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