Volume 4, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   GMJ Medicine 2020, 4(1): 202-210 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohammad Alizade F, Ghaffari M, Khodakarim S, Ramezankhani A. Investigation the Effect of Educational Interventions Based on Health Belief Model for Promoting Fistula Care Behaviors of Hemodialysis Patients. GMJ Medicine. 2020; 4 (1) :202-210
URL: http://gmjpress.de/article-1-69-en.html
1- M.S. candidate of Health Education, Faculty of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate professor of General Health Department, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant professor of Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Professor of General Health Department, Faculty of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (974 Views)
Background and purpose: Chronic diseases need to care for increasing and improving quality of life. The chronic kidney disease is increasing in all over world and is a public problem for worldwide health and some hemodialytic patients need an arteriovenous fistula. Self-care with arteriovenous fistula has a long history and several studies have investigated it, but health belief model (HBM) has not been investigated. Seemingly, the HBM can improve it. This study aimed to investigate the effect of educational interventions based on NBM for promoting fistula care behaviors of hemodialysis patients. 
Methods: Seventy hemodialytic patients with arteriovenous fistula were assigned into two groups of control and intervention. A questionarie designed by the authors was prepared and included awareness, perceived susceptibility, severity, barriers and benefits and self-efficacy. Questionarie was distributed before intervention (Pre-test), immediately and 2 month after intervention (Post-test). Instructional media and individual consultations were used as intervention period.
Results: The results showed that the educational intervention did not have significant effect on awareness (P>0.05), but increased perceived susceptibility, severity, barriers and benefits and self-efficacy (P<0.05).
Conclusion: In sum, the educational interventions based on HBM promoted fistula healthcare behaviors among hemodialytic patients. It can be advised to apply educational interventions based on HBM for promoting fistula healthcare behaviors among hemodialytic patients.
Full-Text [PDF 340 kb]   (320 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2019/12/25 | Accepted: 2020/02/10 | Published: 2020/02/15

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